You need to look after yourself carefully after you have had a tooth taken out, as with any operation, to speed up healing and prevent infection. This advice is to help you know what to expect and do, as your mouth recovers.
- For the first 24 hours, don’t drink alcohol, eat hot food or disturb the clot, which will have formed in the space left by the tooth, because this may cause the socket to start bleeding again. Don’t smoke either, and avoid strenuous exercise for the rest of the day.
- Don’t rinse your mouth for six hours after extraction.
- After six hours, rinse gently with warm salty water to keep the socket clean and continue to do this for up to a week after meals and before bed. Use half a teaspoonful of salt in a glass or comfortable warm water.
- Brush your teeth normally with toothpaste to keep the whole mouth clean but take care in the region where the tooth was extracted.
- If you feel small pieces of bone working their way out of the socket, don’t worry – this is normal.
- Some swelling or discomfort in the first few days is also normal.
- Take painkillers if you need the. Ask your dentist for advice if you are not sure of what sort to take.
If the bleeding doesn’t stop:
- Your dentist may have given you a small supply of gauze in case this happens. If not, clean cotton handkerchiefs will do, but not tissue papers. It is the effect of pressure from the gauze or handkerchief that prevents bleeding, this is why a tissue will not work.
- Roll some small firm pads about on centimetre by three centimetres – a size that will fit over a socket.
- Keep sitting up and gently clear away any clots of blood around the socket with the gauze of handkerchief.
- Place a pad across the socket from the tongue side to the cheek and bite firmly on it for 10-15mins.
- Take off the pad and heck whether the bleeding has stopped. If it hasn’t, use a fresh pad. If the socket is still bleeding, contact your dentist.
Occasionally after extraction of a tooth, the blood clot in the socket can break down, leaving a painful empty hole in the gum. This is called ‘dry socket’. If the socket becomes painful a few days after the extraction, this is usually the reason. If this happens, you should go back to your dentist to have the wound cleaned and packed with a dressing.; This will relieve the pain and reduce the risk of infection.
If you follow these instructions, your mouth should heal normally without becoming infected. But if anything in your mouth worries you, phone the practice for advice.